Samba de Roda
Accompanied by atabaques (drums), rattleboxes and guitars, the singer chants, followed in choir by the dancing group. Linked to the Orixás Cult, capoeira and food prepared with palm oil, samba de roda was created around 1860, as a way of preserving the culture of the Africans slaved in Brazil. The Portuguese influence, besides the language spoken and sung, is responsible for the introduction of the guitar and the tambourine.
Tradition of Bahia’ Recôncavo, the manifestation is about to be listed as Masterpiece of the Oral and Immaterial Heritage of Mankind. Present in the work of famous composers from Bahia – Dorival Caymmi, João Gilberto, Caetano Veloso -, this blend of music, dance, poetry and party has two characteristic forms: the samba chula and the samba corrido. Chula, a form of poetry, is recited by the singer while the group listens attentively and only surrenders to the enchantment of dance after the end of the poem, when one participant goes to the middle of the circle under the sound of drums conducted by hand clapping. In samba corrido, the music involves the circle at the same time as two singers and the choir alternate in the singing.
Also known as “umbigada” – because each participant, when leaving the circle, invites another to dance by touching their belly bottom with their own – this typical manifestation of the Recôncavo takes place in Cipó, Candeias and Cachoeira during June festivities and the Good Death Festival. In São Félix, Muritiba, Conceição do Almeida and Santo Amaro, samba de roda is a highlight at the Our Lady of Purification Festival. São Francisco do Conde, Feira de Santana, Itacaré and, again, Conceição do Almeida celebrate the root samba at Dois de Julho (Independence of Bahia) Festival.