The municipality was created by the dismembering of the territory that formerly belonged to Santa Teresinha. Its name comes from a geographic elevation near the city, whose name is Ponta Aguda Mountain, which in Tupi-Guarani is “Itatim”. The region was initially inhabited by the Cariri and Sabujás Indians, who were gradually expelled by explorers that went to the region.
Sport and adventure tourism lovers find here several mountains to climb, like Toca Mountain, which impresses for its two gigantic grottos, and Enxadão Mountain that has beautiful walls.
The symbol mountain for the local community is Ponta Aguda Mountain; from its top the view is wonderful.
In 2009, the city hosted the 8th Northeast Meeting of Climbers, the most important one of the category in Brazil.