Itabuna is located in the south of Bahia, in the cocoa producing region. Its name is derived from the Tupi (indigenous language) terms ita (stone), aba (surroundings of a place) and una (black), therefore, it means “place of black stones”. Itabuna is the home land of the writer Jorge Amado, who mentions it in some of his works. Itabuna is a regional center of commerce, industry and services, together with Ilhéus. Its economical importance increased in Brazil during the golden times of the cocoa culture, when cocoa was exported to the USA and Europe.